Everything you should know when Moving to Arkansas
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Craving for some diamonds? Welcome to Arkansas, home of the only active diamond mine in America, located near Murfreesboro. In fact, it is one of the major tourist attractions.
The first among the early European explorers to step on the land which is now Arkansas was Spaniard Hernando de Soto in the mid-16th century. But it was a Frenchman, Henri de Tonti, who in 1686 founded the first permanent white settlement—the Arkansas Post.
In 1803 the area was acquired by the U.S. as part of the Louisiana Purchase. The area became a separate entity in 1819 after the first large wave of settlers arrived. The next several decades were marked by the development of the cotton industry and the spread of the Southern plantation system west into Arkansas. Food products are the state’s largest employing sector, with lumber and wood products a close second.
The 32nd Smartest State* in America, is also a leader in the production of cotton, rice, and soybeans.
Hot Springs National Park and Buffalo National River in the Ozarks are major state attractions. Blanchard Springs Caverns, the Historic Arkansas Museum at Little Rock, the William J. Clinton Birthplace in Hope, and the Arkansas Folk Center in Mountain View are also of interest.
Some Useful Information about AR
Racial break up: White: 2,138,598 (80.0%); Black: 418,950 (15.7%); American Indian: 17,808 (0.7%); Asian: 20,220 (0.8%); other race: 40,412 (1.5%); Two or more races: 35,744 (1.3%); Hispanic/Latino: 86,866 (3.2%).
Capital: Little Rock
Organized as territory: March 2, 1819
Motto: Regnat populus (The people rule)
Flower – apple blossom
Tree – pine
Bird – mockingbird
Insect – honeybee
Nickname: The Natural State
Origin of name: From the Quapaw Indians
10 largest cities: Little Rock; Fort Smith; Fayetteville; Springdale; Jonesboro; North Little Rock; Pine Bluff; Conway; Rogers; Hot Springs
State parks: 51
* The smartest State designation is awarded on the basis of 21 factors selected from Morgan Quitno’s annual reference book, Education State Rankings, 2006-2007. Rates for each of the 21 factors were processed through a formula that measures how a state compares to the national average for a given category. The end result is that the farther below the national average a state’s education ranking is, the lower and less smart it ranks. The farther above the national average, the higher and smarter a state ranks.