Everything you should know when Moving to Arizona
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Want to visit the State in America, where you can find the largest number of telescopes? Welcome to Tucson, Arizona, rich in legends of America’s Wild West.
Ranked as the 50th Smartest State* in the country, Arizona owes its origin to Marcos de Niza, a Spanish Franciscan friar, who was the first European to explore the land which is now Arizona. He entered the area in 1539 in search of the mythical Seven Cities of Gold. Although he was followed a year later by another gold seeker, Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, most of the early settlement was for missionary purposes. In 1775 the Spanish established Fort Tucson. In 1848, after the Mexican War, most of the Arizona territory became part of the U.S. Today, Arizona has one of the largest U.S. Indian populations; more than 14 tribes are represented on 20 reservations. Manufacturing has become Arizona’s most important industry. Principal products include electrical, communications, and aeronautical items. The state produces over half of the country’s copper. Agriculture is also important to the state’s economy. Top commodities are cattle and calves, dairy products, and cotton. State attractions include the Grand Canyon, the Petrified Forest, the Painted Desert, Hoover Dam, Lake Mead, Fort Apache, and the reconstructed London Bridge at Lake Havasu City.
Here are some quick facts about Arizona:
Racial break-up: White: 3,873,611 (75.5%); Black: 158,873 (3.1%); American Indian: 255,879 (5.0%); Asian: 92,236 (1.8%); other race: 596,774 (11.6%); Two or more races: 146,526 (2.9%); Hispanic/Latino: 1,295,617 (25.3%).
Organized as territory: Feb. 24, 1863
Tombstone, Ariz., was the site of the West’s most famous shoot-out—the gunfight at the O.K. Corral.
Nickname: Grand Canyon State
Origin of name: Uncertain. Perhaps from the O’odham Indian word for “little spring”
In 1973 one of the world’s largest dams, the New Cornelia Tailings, was completed near Ajo.
Motto: Ditat Deus (God enriches)
Flower: flower of saguaro cactus
Bird: cactus wren
Colors: blue and old gold
Tree: palo verde
Neckwear: bola tie
Reptile: Arizona ridge-nose rattlesnake
Fish: Arizona trout
Amphibian: Arizona tree frog
Butterfly: two-tailed swallowtail
10 largest cities: Phoenix; Tucson; Mesa; Glendale; Chandler; Scottsdale; Gilbert; Tempe; Peoria; Yuma.
State parks: 28
* The smartest State designation is awarded on the basis of 21 factors selected from Morgan Quitno’s annual reference book, Education State Rankings, 2006-2007. Rates for each of the 21 factors were processed through a formula that measures how a state compares to the national average for a given category. The end result is that the farther below the national average a state’s education ranking is, the lower and less smart it ranks. The farther above the national average, the higher and smarter a state ranks.